[6] Aggregate European windstorm losses show a strong dependence on NAO,[8] with losses increasing/decreasing 10-15% at all return periods.[8]. For example, the winds of a derecho occurring in northern Minnesota, U.S., on July 4, 1999, peaked at or near 160 km (100 miles) per hour and blew down tens of millions of trees. [28][29] European windstorms in Latin Europe are generally referred to by derivatives of tempestas (tempest, tempête, tempestado, tempesta), meaning storm, weather, or season, from the Latin tempus, meaning time.[30]. Windstorms create dust storms and sandstorms in arid and semiarid regions.

Mountain-driven windstorms—caused by winds accelerating as they fall along the downwind side of a mountain range—are most common along the east sides of the Rocky Mountains, the Cascades, and the Sierras, in late fall and winter. When the winds blow over mountains, the warm air is heated even further by compression as it moves toward lower altitudes. Up to the second half of the 19th century, European windstorms were named after the person who spotted them. Intense winter storms are frequently the cause of long-lasting windstorms. This left gas supplies in the United Kingdom vulnerable as this facility can supply up to 20 percent of the United Kingdom's needs via the Langeled pipeline. [citation needed] Usually, they would be named either by the year, the date, the Saint's day of their occurrence[11] or any other way that made them commonly known. It was one of the greatest energy disruptions ever experienced by a modern developed country. The electricity produced was too much for consumers to use, and prices on the European Energy Exchange in Leipzig plummeted, which resulted in the grid operators having to pay over 18 euros per megawatt-hour to offload it, costing around half a million euros in total. In addition, the vertical turbulent mixing of stronger jet-stream winds aloft can produce strong gusty winds at ground level. The Met Office and UK media generally refer to these storms as severe gales. What season do wind storms occur? sandstorms occur when windstorms happen in a dry desert area which picks up dirt and sand and blows all over the place How do people adapt to Argentina? Insurance losses from windstorms are the second greatest source of loss for any natural peril after Atlantic hurricanes in the United States. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). https://www.britannica.com/science/windstorm.
[24] Germany's ZDF television channel subsequently ran a phone in poll on 17 July 1991 and claimed that 72% of the 40,000 responses favored keeping the names. For instance one windstorm, Kyrill in 2007, exceeded the losses of the 2007 United Kingdom floods. However, the disruption came at a time of low demand. They can occur throughout the year, but are most frequent between October and March, with peak intensity in the winter months.

Transmission capabilities can also be severely limited if power lines are brought down by snow, ice or high winds. nadoes occur all across the United States. Markansu Valley is dry, lifeless valley high up in Pamir mountains. [23][24] The female names were assigned to areas of low pressure while male names were assigned to areas of high pressure. The strongest cyclones are called windstorms within academia and the insurance industry. A windstorm that travels in a straight line and is caused by the gust front (the boundary between descending cold air and warm air at the surface) of an approaching thunderstorm is called a derecho. [50], Strongest type of extratropical cyclone that occurs over Europe, For a more extensive tabulated list of European windstorms, see, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Winter storm naming in the United Kingdom and Ireland, Flooding at the Blayais Nuclear Power Plant, Cross Channel high voltage interconnector, Table of North Atlantic low pressures below 940 hPa, "European Windstorm: The Name Game | The RMS Blog", "Sting jets in intense winter North-Atlantic windstorms", "Cyclones, windstorms and the IMILAST project", 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<0857:TEONAS>2.0.CO;2, "European wind storms, related loss potentials and changes in multi-model climate simulations", "The role of large-scale atmospheric flow and Rossby wave breaking in the evolution of extreme windstorms over Europe", "Impact of North Atlantic Oscillation on European Windstorms", AIR Worldwide: European Windstorms: Implications of Storm Clustering on Definitions of Occurrence Losses, European Windstorm Clustering Briefing Paper, "Who, What, Why: How are hurricanes named?

[6] The strongest storms are embedded within, and form in large scale atmospheric flow. [21][circular reference] An independent forecaster, the European Windstorm Centre, also has its own naming list, although this is not an official list. [24][25], During 1998 a debate started about if it was discrimination to name areas of high pressure with male names and the areas of low pressure with female names. [35] Windstorm losses exceed those caused by flooding in Europe. [2] The name European windstorm has not been adopted by the UK Met Office in broadcasts (though it is used in their academic research[31]), the media or by the general public, and appears to have gained currency in academic and insurance circles as a linguistic and terminologically neutral name for the phenomena. Downslope winds are called fall winds or katabatic winds. At lower latitudes these intense low-pressure systems and the associated wind effects of a strong jet stream do not normally occur. Windstorms down trees and power lines, wreck vehicles and homes, and cause scores of injuries and fatalities each year. Windstorms come in a variety of forms that can be found around the world. In the northeastern United States, windstorms that occur as particularly strong low-pressure systems and move northward along the Atlantic Coast are called “nor’easters.”. The Difference Between a Forester and a Logger. [32] European windstorms are also described in forecasts variously as winter storms,[33] winter lows, autumnal lows, Atlantic lows and cyclonic systems. The winds these weather events cause—often called straight-line winds or windstorms—can sweep across as many as 100,000 square miles at a time at more than 60 miles per hour, leaving significant destruction in their wake. [46] The same storm also saw the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant also affected, as algae and mud stirred up by the storm were sucked into the cooling system, resulting in one of the generators being shut down. ", "List of named extreme weathers in Norway", "How internet sensation Hurricane Bawbag helped Scotland conquer the world", "Would Bawbag's proud progenitor please stand up and take a bow - Cartoon", "Scots slang highlighted after country is battered by Hurricane Bawbag", "Storm-naming system yet to be put in place as Rachel peters out", "Met Éireann plans to start naming storms from next year", "Met Éireann and the UK Met Office release list of winter storm names", "Windstorm Names - European Windstorm Centre", "European Cold Front 'Cooper' Sponsored by Mini", "European Windstorms and the North Atlantic Oscillation: Impacts, Characteristics, and Predictability", "Pas d'ouragan possible en France, mais des tempêtes comparables à Sandy", "L'OUEST BALAYÉ PAR UN OURAGAN DÉVASTATEUR", "XWS: a new historical catalogue of extreme european windstorms", "Guidance on Windstorms for the Public Health Workforce", "Climate and Weather Trends in Europe. Dust storm in Markansu dry valley – Valley of Tornadoes / rugbyxm, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0. Although windstorms can happen anywhere, researchers have found some patterns in where, when and how they occur. Cyclone Lothar and Martin in 1999 were separated by only 36 hours. When the winds blow over mountains, the warm air is heated even further by compression as it moves … Annex 1 to Deliverable 2: Transport Sector Vulnerabilities within the research project WEATHER (Weather Extremes: Impacts on Transport Systems and Hazards for European Regions) funded under the 7th framework program of the European Commission", "The vulnerability of UK property to windstorm damage", "Impacts of winter storm Gudrun of 7th –9th January 2005 and measures taken in Baltic Sea Region", "Impacts of Severe Storms on Electric Grids", "Nuclear power station loss of electricity grid during severe storm (1998)", COMMUNIQUE N°7 – INCIDENT SUR LE SITE DU BLAYAIS, "Looking Back, Looking Forward: Anatol, Lothar and Martin Ten Years Later", "UK gas supplies choppy after North Sea storm", "Myrsky sulki generaattorin venäläisvoimalassa", "Storms batter Scotland as reactor at Torness nuclear plant shuts down", "UK grid loses half the power from link to France", At least 50 dead in western Europe storms, "The 'Night of the Big Wind' in Ireland, 6–7 January 1839", Met Office, University of Exeter & University of Reading: Extreme Wind Storms Catalogue, Free University of Berlin low-pressure naming lists, European Windstorm Centre, An unofficial independent forecaster, List of atmospheric pressure records in Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=European_windstorm&oldid=984484310, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1990 storm series – Between 25 January and 1 March 1990, eight severe storms crossed Europe including the, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 09:29.

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